Company history BMW motorcycle
Today's Bayrische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft (BMW AG) has its origins in Karl Rapp's company Rapp Motorenwerke GmbH in Munich. This specialized at the beginning on aircraft engines. The first managing director was from the founding of March 7, 1916 until 1942, Franz Josef Popp.
The aspiring engineer Max Friz developed the first BMW motorcycle, the R 32, in 1923 with Martin Stolle. This laid the foundation for the motorcycles production line. It took about 5 weeks for the design. The basic principle has been preserved to this day: two-cylinder boxer engine and cardan drive in double tube frame. Two years later, the R 39 came on the market with vertical individual cylinders, also typical for BMW.
During the Second World War, 1941 to 44 Wehrmachtsgespanne were specially developed and manufactured for the Wehrmacht. These include the super-heavy motorcycle team BMW R 75 team and Zündapp KS 750 team. Both models have a switchable sidecar drive and served with Einheitsprotzhaken as a tractor for light trailers (350kg) and light guns.
From 1955, the era of the full swing BMW began with the R model series. Also, the cardan drive was changed so that the motorcycles do not tilt like others around the transverse axis during load changes, but completely raise or lower. Rubber boot is called this unique driving behavior.
The R27, manufactured between 1960 and 1966, is the last single-cylinder four-stroke engine produced by BMW Motorrad and the latest model of single-cylinder BMWs with cardan drive.
With the motorcycle also ended the market for this type of elaborately built motorcycles, as always cheaper cars on the one hand and sporty Japanese motorcycles for leisure on the other hand competed. BMW rose in 1969 with the R75 / 5 in the then largest displacement class, but the CB750 Four of Honda with four-cylinder engine led a development that made the entire European market fall behind. Even when BMW refilled the 1973 displacement with the R90 S, the Kawasaki Z1 with bucket tappets had set a benchmark last year. The engines from Japan were not only stronger, but also had to be maintained less frequently.
After almost a decade, BMW put 1980 on the boom and it was followed by the first Enduro the R80 G / S. The first Enduro with multi-cylinder engine. From the need of the lush Kardanschwinge was waived on the second swing arm, as it was rather outlandish to use a motorcycle with multi-cylinder engine and shaft drive in the area. That changed, however, when BMW won the next Dakar Rally. BMW was back in motorcycling. With the K100 BMW 1983 produced a new motorcycle series. It installed a longitudinally installed water-cooled 2-valve four-cylinder in-line engine instead of the typical air-cooled boxer engine. As a result, there is no need for a deflection between crankshaft and propshaft. The cylinders lie horizontally to achieve as low a center of gravity as in boxer engines. This independent and consistent design is considered a remarkable achievement in the field of constancy.
According to rumors or statements BMW would not bring motorcycles with a boxer engine on the market. In 1993, however, BMW brought the R 1100 RS onto the market for the account of its regular customers with a completely new boxer engine. Spectacular was the Telelever system, which for the first time in a production motorcycle, the subsidence during braking almost completely suppressed. In response to demand for a smaller entry-level motorcycle, BMW, in collaboration with the engine manufacturer Rotax and the Italian motorcycle manufacturer Aprilia, brought the F650 based on the Aprilia Pegaso with a single-cylinder engine from Rotax. The engines of the successor G650 manufactures the company Loncin.
In 2000, BMW launched the C1, an unusual novelty. The basic idea is a better accident protection by safety belts and - cell, which eliminates the helmet obligation, and weather protection from rain and wind. The scooter is to combine the maneuverability of a two-wheeler with the safety of a car. With the K 1200 S which came out in 2005, the series with longitudinally installed four-cylinder engine is gradually being replaced. These engines are equipped with Duolever, the successor to the Telelever. In 2006, BMW introduced the F800 with Parallel Twin, closing the gap between the entry-level single-cylinder F650 and the large R and K ranges. The engines are like the predecessor of Rotax again. In 2008 the first motorcycle of the G model series came out of the sport enduro G450 X. All motorcycles of the series are equipped exclusively with water-cooled single-cylinder engine. In 2009 another model series with the Superbike S 1000 RR was launched on the market. The models are driven by a chain in contrast to those of the R and K series, which are manufactured exclusively with cardan drive. She is a homologue